In my last post I contrasted knowing and willing. To clarify the meaning of that post, here I will consider another contrast, i.e. between the externally directed and internally directed will.
The externally directed will is a tool for obtaining our wants and needs. Willing is different from wanting, in that it develops strategies -- sometime very simple, sometime quite complex -- for obtaining wanted items. In its more complex forms, it becomes “intentionality” – which consists in a consciously determined goal and a strategy for obtaining the goal.
As an example of such intentionality, I had an acquaintance who, upon graduating from College, set his goal as being the president of a significant organization by the time he was forty. About six week before he turned 40, he was in fact hired as the head of such an entity. All of his career decisions had been guided by that one goal.
At a larger scale, we have goals such as building a bridge across a river or a bay, or landing people on the moon. That the human mind can conceive such endeavors and then manipulate the world to accomplish these plans, is perhaps Nature’s greatest accomplishment to date. It also represents something of a mystery – how is it that an idea can cause such transformations of the physical world?
Willing or intentionality can also be directed inward. Here the goal is not the transformation of the physical world to make it more attuned to our wants, but to transform our selves. This can be an alternate way of satisfying our desires – rather than transforming the world so it is more attuned to satisfying our wants, we transform our self so that we have only the desires the world can readily satisfy. Such inner directed intentionality is common to many forms of spirituality (though in many traditions there is a point where one must turn one’s willing over to a “Higher Power”).
As a matter of speculation, the development of intentionality is probably some form of “bio-cultural” evolution. In such evolution, there is a dynamic interaction between the Darwinian biological evolution and accompanying changes in the culture milieu of the hominids thus evolving. I suspect, though, that the Darwinian evolution of intentionality was strictly toward externally directed intentionality – which has proven such a powerful tool of adaptation and survival. The inner directed form was a cultural discovery. (This is not terribly different from saying that the redirection of our sexuality from its Darwinian purpose of reproduction, to our own purpose of pleasure and enhancing relationships, is a cultural discovery.)
As mentioned above, the outer and inner direction of our intentionality are two alternative ways for people to satisfy their needs and wants. Our culture is mostly dedicated to the outer way. There have been cultures, however, that were nearly as dedicated to the inner way – e.g. Tibet and much of India prior to the modern era. The two strategies are not mutually exclusive, though it would be a rare person who could have a high level of success at both.
(Note: For my life, I have chosen the second strategy; the purpose of this blog is largely to discuss how one can integrate this alternative into a culture that has such a scant understanding of it.